Survey and Documentation of the Isnags Traditional Farming Tools and Implements
(RONALD O. OCAMPO
ascrnd@yahoo.com
Apayao State College, San Isidro Sur, Luna, Apayao
PHILIPPINES)

Abstract - This study was conducted to document farming tools and implements of the Isnags of Apayao. The study made used of the descriptive survey method of research with key informant interview and documentation as primary data gathering tools. The Isnags are bounded with beliefs and practices in all walks of their life. In the performance of these beliefs and practices, some of their farming tools are being utilized. A popular festival featuring ethnic songs , dances and rituals called the Say-am is being performed as a means of preserving their unique cultural traditions. The aliwa is used in the performance of a ritual as they cut the head of a dog or a pig to be used during say-am. After the say-am is the giving of food wrap in banana or “samak” leaves signifying the commence of the activity.

Keywords: Isnags, Traditional Farming, Tools, Apayao, Aliwadownload



Gender Roles in The Textile Industry of Apayao
(RONALD O. OCAMPO
ascrnd@yahoo.com
Apayao State College, San Isidro Sur, Luna, Apayao
PHILIPPINES)

Abstract - This study was conducted to examine the dynamics of the community, farms and households, in order to understand the role of men and women in the textile industry. Specifically, it is intended to : determine the activities of men and women in the textile industry; determine the time spent by men and women allotted to their daily tasks; analyze the role of men and women in the textile industry. The descriptive method of research was used with the gender analysis tool kit as main data gathering tool. Purposive sampling was done inn selecting the respondents of the study which involves 30 respondents. Results showed that women are heavily involved in textile related activities especially weaving but also share the responsibility. Men assist in the production of textile products. Men devote of their time in their primary source of incomefarming.Based on the above findings, women play a great role in the textile industry. They are the key players for they are the one involved in most of the textile related activities particularly weaving. Men also share responsibility in the textile industry by assisting the women perform their work. In the light of the findings, the following are forwarded as recommendation: conduct seminar/ training on gender sensitivity among couples; conduct trainings on fiber processing especially banana and abaca and other abundant fibers in Apayao to both men and women; similar research should be conducted to other commodity looking at the contribution of both men and women in the industry.download



Improving The Quality Of Nipa ( Nypa fruticans) Wine
(RONALD O. OCAMPO, NORMALINA P. USITA
ascrnd@yahoo.com
Apayao State College, San Isidro Sur, Luna, Apayao
PHILIPPINES)

Abstract - This study was aimed to improve the quality of nipa wine. Specifically, it was intended to determine what fruit juices that can be added to nipa wine that improve its quality; compare the sample treatments in terms of taste, color and aroma; and determine the cost of production of the different samples.
     The different treatments were: T0-Nipa wine (NW) control, T1 Nipa wine + Mulberry fruit extract T2 NW + Pineapple, and Treatment 3 NW + Calamansi. The samples were evaluated by 30 panel of judges in terms of taste, aroma and color. Data were analyzed using ranking and rank difference was further tested using the Friedman’s rank test.
     Results revealed that T1 was the most preferred sample in terms of taste and color while treatment 2 on aroma. The least preferred treatment was the control. Rank differences showed highly significant result in their taste, aroma and color. Hence, nipa wine can be further improve using fruit juice additives.
     Hence, the following recommendations are forwarded: Mass Production of the improved nipa wine should be undertaken as part of the income generating activities of the college; Promotion of the improved nipa wine should be done especially in trade fairs; The alcohol, sugar content and other nutrients content should be done which is a needed in the development of product label; Design and development of packaging materials should be done for an added market value; Conduct other researches which focuses on other fruit additives should be done; Similar studies should be conducted especially to other wine of less economic value. download