Survey and Documentation of Traditional farming Tools and Implements of the Isnags of Apayao
Evelyn P. Alvarez
The Isnags are small ethnolinguistic group in the mountains of Apayao. They are of several mountain people who were never subdued in nearly 350 years of Spanish rule. This ethnolinguistic group brought with their customs and traditions as they clash for existence over the years. Shifting cultivation is their main occupation aside from fishing and hunting. Upland rice farming has been their major product as they undergo slash and burn agriculture tilling the land for about 3-5 years. Very important to their farming activities is the use farming tools and implements which have been handed down to generations.Their traditional farming tools are still in use as they perform their farming activities. The basic agricultural tools employed by this indigenous community of Apayao baskets for crops, a backpack, an axe, Flat winnowed trays, a dibble stick, etc.. Among the farming tools and implements includes the following:Aliwa, paid, sampilok, palok, topang, iku’,rakam, arin, baqui, patuki, igaw, lah-ba, ligmaman, allo’, and altong, gusi, and tiklis.Some of these farm implements tools and implements have cultural significance.The traditional Isnag bolo such as aliwa and paid are used in the performance of Say-am.The woman Baskets are used during festivities where rice and other food are placed.